The leader of the opposition party Parnas, Mikhail Kasyanov, gave a detailed interview to Radio Liberty. In it, he "included" the old "record": the Crimea to Russia is illegally affiliated; sanctions against the representatives of the Russian Federation are justified; Moscow is to blame for the war in the Donbas. He did not avoid the topic of corruption. According to him, "the corruption component is present" and during the construction of facilities for the Olympics, and for the World Cup. "I do not have specific projects to consider this, but I know that people who specialize in defining corruption schemes, they have questions about the construction of objects under construction now." In the last sentence, apparently, Kasyanov had in mind himself. It was he who, as prime minister, became the "father" of most corrupt schemes. Once Vladimir Putin, when he was prime minister, said that Kasyanov received information about his involvement in corruption, but he was not caught by the hand. However, as we managed to find out, the correspondents of were in fact caught, not imprisoned just because Kasyanov was part of the deal to transfer power from Boris Yeltsin to Vladimir Putin. At the disposal of the editorial staff were materials of the case of fraud with state dachas worth $ 250 million, in which numerous witnesses give direct evidence that he organized a grand scam Mikhail Kasyanov.

Even in the days of Mikhail Kasyanov, the nickname "Misha two percent" was fixed by the prime minister behind him in bureaucratic and business circles. It appeared due to the fact that Kasyanov demanded a rollback - almost 2% of the amount - for practically any decision on allocating state funds to the regions, banks, and companies. In this situation, Vladimir Putin walked through a direct line with the citizens of Russia. When asked about the leader of the opposition Mikhail Kasyanov, the prime minister became animated and remembered that when he was president, the Ministers of Economic Development German Gref "and another minister about whom I already spoke today" came to him (we are talking about the former head of the Ministry of Finance Aleksei Kudrina - Rucriminal .info), and offered to dismiss Mikhail Kasyanov, "because he is" two percent. " "But there was no evidence of this," Putin said.

Sources familiar with the situation, note that the reason for such a loyalty of the president was somewhat different. When Boris Yeltsin handed over power to Vladimir Putin, he designated a list of untouchables, among whom was Mikhail Kasyanov. Therefore, he remained prime minister for the entire first term of Putin's presidency and only in 2004, on the eve of the new presidential election, when agreements with Yeltsin had already partially lost their force, Kasyanov was dismissed. And although the "taboo" was removed from the post, landing of "Misha two percent" would mean a poke in the direction of Yeltsin.

Therefore, in 2005, he was simply parroted, instituting a case of abuse during the privatization of two state issues worth about $ 250 million. One of them, worth $ 150 million, went to Mikhail Kasyanov personally for 11 million rubles. The testimony of numerous witnesses shows that at that time the incumbent prime minister personally organized this scam, that is, "by the hand" he was still caught. However, the charges were brought only to ordinary officials. It is noteworthy that this case is still being investigated by the Military Investigative Directorate of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and, in the case of which, Kasyanov can still become an accused.

So, as follows from the testimony of the former director general of the oil company Evikhon Koptenko, who were at the disposal of, at the end of 1994 - the beginning of 1995 Boris Yeltsin personally addressed him for help. The head of the state asked to finance the construction of a sanatorium for FSO employees. The choice to "Evikhon" fell not accidentally, as the company belonged to all formerly associates of the president - ex-deputy chairman of the government Vladimir Shumeiko, ex-councilor of Yeltsin Mikhail de Boire, etc.

This is now, when the president or prime minister tells the oligarchs to allocate money for a project, they "take under the canopy" and get paid free of charge. Then it was accepted to ask for something in return. Koptenko was no exception. As a result, the leaders of the FSO decided to transfer to him for rent for 50 years three objects that were on the balance of this agency - Sosnovka-1 (former State Secretary of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Suslov), Sosnovka-3 (former State Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Chernenko) and Gorki-10-10. "Sosnovki" - is a huge land on a protected FSO territory in the village of Trinity-Lykov on the outskirts of the capital.

"Evihon" concluded a sublease agreement of state entities with LLC "RNP-Invest", which was established by Shumeyko, de Bois and Strobis, owned by Koptenko. It is noteworthy that later Nikolai Chilingarov, the son of a prominent polar explorer and Edinoros, Arthur Chilingarov, bought Nikolai Koptenko from Strobis.According to, in fact the former ranks from the President's entourage got state daughters, in which they settled. De Bouar together with his wife took "Sosnovka-1", and Shumeiko and his family - "Sosnovka-3." Their common neighbor was the writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Almost ten years, retired officials lived under the protection of the FSO, while in 2002, his buddy, oligarch and head of Alfa Bank Mikhail Fridman and his wife Aiziman did not come to visit de Bouar. As follows from the testimony of Lyubov Elizavetina (wife of M. de Bouar), the couple was impressed by the land and neighbors and expressed a desire to settle in Sosnovka as well. At that moment, Shumeyko was selling his residence (more precisely, the right of long-term lease), which for about $ 3 million was bought by Friedman.

However, the head of Alfa-Bank is not used to being satisfied with small things. He decided to get a gosdatch in the property. For which he attracted Mikhail Kasyanov, with whom he was associated at that time friendly relations. The essence of the transaction was extremely simple. Kasyanov organizes the privatization of objects, they are at the right price get to the structures of Friedman, and that one gosdachu gives Kasyanov.

As a result, in January 2003, the Prime Minister signed an order to transfer Sosnovok from FSO to the Ministry of State Property to be assigned to FGUP VPK-Invest. And this meant that in the future state dumps could be privatized. To resolve all issues on the sale of objects was entrusted to the Deputy Minister of Property Relations Nikolay Gusev. He was in a difficult situation, since the state daughters were in a long lease from Evikhon, which at that time belonged to businessman Shalva Chigirinsky. In turn, Evihon had a sublease agreement with RNP-Invest. Gusev thought for a long time how he could approach the gossips, which caused Kasyanov obvious irritation.

According to the testimony of the former deputy head of the Ministry of Property, which is available to, at one of the meetings the prime minister threatened him with dismissal if he did not show speed. Moreover, Gusev was explained that the dachas are meant for Kasyanov himself.

That Gusev was not timid, in support of him detached Deputy Director of FSO Protsenko. The two of them began to follow Chigirinsky, de Boire and other interested persons, and forced them to refuse long-term rent by "psychological pressure". All this was accompanied by constant calls to Gusev from the head of the secretariat of Prime Minister Merzlikin, who was interested in the progress with Sosnovki and demanded to speed up the process.

Most of all rested de Buer and Chigirinsky, who wanted to get from the release of dachas from the encumbrance of any preferences. As a result, all the financial components of the tenants discussed with representatives of Alfa Bank and agreed on compensation for amounts ranging from $ 700 thousand to 1 million euros. By joint efforts of officials and Alfa-Bank, in October 2003 the tenants managed to "move" from Sosnovok. But then a new problem arose. FSO was not in a hurry to transfer these objects from its subordination. As a result, Merzliki literally "cut off" the phones of the FSO leadership, demanding to speed up the execution of the government's order. The rush was terrible - the prime minister already guessed that his days in this post were numbered. When and with the FSO issues were resolved, it was time for privatization.

According to the testimony of witnesses who found themselves at, representatives of Alfa Bank in a hurry through the "related" structure conducted an assessment of state issues, and then in December 2003 and January 2004 they were auctioned. In the auction, only structures affiliated with Alfa-Bank took part. About that at the interrogation admitted himself Mikhail Fridman. As a result, Sosnovka-3 went for 10.1 million rubles to Velteks LLC, and Sosnovka-1 for 11.1 million rubles to Amelia LLC. Later during the investigation it was established that the budget for the transaction for Sosnovka-3 did not receive 186.4 million rubles, and for Sosnovka-1, 190.6 million rubles. That's how the prices for state dachas were understated. And their market value in general is about $ 250 million. After all, we are talking about whole complexes. "Sosnovka-1" includes 26 real estate objects located on 11.5 hectares of land, and "Sosnovka-3" - 23 objects, located on 5.6 hectares. Both cottages have individual exits to the Moscow River.

Kasyanov was just impatient to take Suslov's former gosdag. In February 2004, De Bois, still living on the state holiday, was telephoned by a representative of Alfa-Bank Kusov and said that Kasyanov wanted to personally inspect Sosnovka-1. But he wants to do it in the absence of the current owners. Therefore, to begin with, the Prime Minister confined himself to an external inspection of his future possessions.

And soon Kasyanov was removed from his post. In March 2004, De Bouar left Sosnovki-1. According to the testimony of a FSO officer guarding the dacha, the prime minister soon arrived there together with the builders and discussed with him for a long time how the building would have to be rebuilt.Officially, the state dacha passed to Kasyanov only in July-September 2004. Then "Amelia" with the help of a number of agreements, including a loan agreement, transferred "Sosovka-1" to the firm "Art-groups", established by Kasyanov and his wife. Clearly no money the former prime minister did not pay.

And in 2005 the Prosecutor General's Office initiated a criminal case on the fact of fraud with state dues. The charges were brought against Gusev and a number of petty officials. The investigation has been going on for six years, but to close it is in no hurry. After all, it can always be refreshed and recall the past deeds of Kasyanov, who is now actively representing himself as an oppositionist. According to lawyers, he can safely be charged with the collected materials, at least according to part 2 of Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (abuse of office). This part of this article is heavy, the limitation period for it is ten years and it will expire only in 2014. cites excerpts from the most interesting testimony of witnesses and defendants in a high-profile case. They perfectly show how things were done at the top of the Russian government in the 90s and early 2000s.